Dancer Health

Here's Why and How You Should Bring Health and Wellness Into Your College Dance Department

Getty Images

It's the middle of the semester and two dancers are sitting out of class, you're worried about one student's mental health and another has developed an eating disorder. Sound familiar? College can be a tumultuous time. To help address the additional demands of being a dance major, some schools have found strategies for enhancing wellness and integrating health services into their departments.

These efforts vary vastly. While most dance programs at least offer courses in anatomy, kinesiology, somatics, conditioning or dance science, a few programs have highly integrated health and dance collaborations, while others struggle to integrate even basic principles of current research into their dance curriculum.

Though little research has been done on the impact of wellness programs for college dancers, experience suggests that teaching students to care for themselves helps them stay healthier, reduces the impact of injury and improves performance. What's more, these initiatives can fulfill an additional educational aim: helping students grow into fully integrated, artistic beings. Here, three educators from different institutions and backgrounds share their experiences of finding effective ways to enhance health and well-being in a college dance program.

Getting started

To create a wellness program, you'd ideally first evaluate the specific needs of your program. Then, you'd design interventions and initiatives, acquire funds and hire a staff. All along the way, you'd collect data and assess the success of the program before making changes and adjustments. Realistically, time and financial limitations often restrict such linear progress in dance departments.

Professor Tom Welsh has established one of the most comprehensive dancer-health programs in the country at Florida State University. Over his 25-year tenure, FSU has grown to offer physical therapy and conditioning for dancers, preseason screenings, a Pilates certification and numerous courses in dance science. Welsh developed all this in response to the immediate needs of students and the resources available. "We didn't sit down in an armchair and design this," he explains. "We just kept asking the question: What do our dancers need now?"

If you're crafting a program from scratch, it might look quite different, but to begin, Welsh suggests drawing from a basic principle of rehabilitative therapy: "Do just a little more today than you did perfectly yesterday."

The issues students experience will inform the programs you create

Are dancers frequently injured? Showing signs of burnout, feeling overwhelmed and depressed? Struggling to maintain a healthy weight, or not getting along with one another?

If you're seeing a lot of injured students, you might want to start a pre-semester screening, increase cross-training offerings or form a relationship with a certified athletic trainer (ATC) or physical therapist (PT). If students are exhausted and unhappy, you might need to change the organization of your program and find ways to reduce overscheduling while forming an alliance with a mental health professional.

A meaningful needs assessment can be time-consuming and may benefit from an outside eye. Sarah Wilcoxon studied with Welsh while earning her MFA from FSU. With that experience, she was hired as assistant professor at Missouri State University and tasked with helping the theater and dance department create wellness programming. But giving this goal the attention it deserved while simultaneously fulfilling the duties of her course load, choreography assignments and advising responsibilities proved impractical. Fortunately, her supportive department agreed to bring in consultants who spent two weeks observing how the department functioned, talking to students, and meeting with other departments and the outside community.

At Cornish College of the Arts, a small institution with a substantial dance tradition, Kitty Daniels had to learn to enhance wellness on a tight budget when she was chair of the dance department. Still, she was able to bring in an outside expert to assess her program: Karen Clippinger, kinesiology textbook author and early adopter of dance science. Unable to pay for Clippinger's travel, Daniels managed to scrape together a bit of miscellaneous funding for the project and coordinated with Clippinger's already existing plans to be in Seattle.

Coaching dancers during a Pilates reformer class at Florida State University. Photo courtesy of FSU

Identify compatible needs in other departments

It's rare for a school to have a dedicated health professional on full-time dance faculty. More often, medical professionals such as PTs or ATCs are dual appointments with another department. Alternatively, a professor employed by a department outside of dance (in applied sciences like exercise physiology, for example) may have a strong professional or research interest in dance, and therefore want to work collaboratively with your department.

Frequently, schools have a faculty member with dance science expertise. These professionals typically teach anatomy and kinesiology, conditioning and dance. It's also common for university dance educators to have certifications in supportive fields like personal training, Pilates or yoga. Consider, though, that while these professionals can enhance the well-being of students in a variety of ways, only health-care providers are qualified to diagnose or treat injuries. If that's your aim, you'll likely need to look outside your department.

The two consultants who visited MSU, for example, found compatible needs within the athletic training department. They created a graduate assistant post that allows an already licensed athletic trainer to treat dancers 20 hours a week. This arrangement symbiotically benefits the athletic training department by attracting master's students with an interest in performing-arts medicine.

Modeling good practices

Overwhelmingly, dance wellness initiatives focus on dancers' physical bodies, but lifestyle imbalances and mental health issues are pressing concerns for many college students.

When Wilcoxon started at MSU, she sustained a serious back injury that she now recognizes was due in part to stress and lack of time management—she sacrificed her own body maintenance for the demands of her job. Since that injury, she has come to appreciate the importance of setting boundaries, explaining to students when she's off-line and will not respond immediately to e-mail, for example. She also outlines her schedule at the start of each semester, delineating time for meals and self-care like physical therapy sessions. She posts this schedule on her office door so that students and other faculty can see what is realistic to expect of her. "No one will applaud you for setting boundaries," she says, but she finds these strategies keep her healthier and therefore help her do her job better. What's more, these actions model good planning, time management and self-care practices for a young population that's still learning these critical habits.

Managing resistance

Even with the best intentions, it's possible that your efforts to enhance dancer health will be faced by some reluctance from students and faculty alike. It can be hard for people to change their habits. Some people may express their distrust of new initiatives while others may simply ignore new policies. However, when more students are happily participating in mid-semester classes and dancing better than ever, naysayers will inevitably comply and the culture of the program gradually shifts.

Simple changes can be effective

Creating these programs requires a bit of ingenuity and what Welsh calls "persistent patience," but the outcomes are worth it, and enhancing student wellness doesn't have to start with an enormous leap. For example, several schools have found ways to apply basic elements of periodization (scheduling intense training periods and rest periods to optimize performance). FSU achieves this at the start of the fall semester by simply substituting part of dance classes for basic conditioning classes to help students build up their strength and stamina after the summer break. As with injury prevention and management, small adjustments can be the catalyst for larger positive changes.

Dance Teachers Trending
Photo by Jerome Capasso, courtesy of Man in Motion

Finding a male dance instructor who isn't booked solid can be a challenge, which is why a New York City dance educator was inspired to start a network of male dance professionals in 2012. Since then, he's tripled his roster of teachers and is actively hiring.

Keep reading... Show less
Dance Teachers Trending
Photo by Todd Rosenberg, courtesy of HSDC

This fall Hubbard Street Dance Chicago initiates an innovative choreographic-study project to pair local Chicago teens with company member Rena Butler, who in 2018 was named the Hubbard Street Choreographic Fellow. The Dance Lab Choreographic Fellowship is the vision of Kathryn Humphreys, director of HSDC's education, youth and community programs. "I am really excited to see young people realize possibilities, and realize what they are capable of," she says. "I think that high school is such an interesting, transformative time. They are right on the edge of figuring themselves out."

Keep reading... Show less
Getty Images

Q: What policies do you put in place to encourage parents of competition dancers to pay their bills in a timely manner?

Keep reading... Show less
Dance Teacher Tips
Photo courtesy of Kim Black

For some children, the first day of dance is a magic time filled with make-believe, music, smiles and movement. For others, all the excitement can be a bit intimidating, resulting in tears and hesitation. This is perfectly natural, and after 32 years of experience, I've got a pretty good system for getting those timid tiny dancers to open up. It usually takes a few classes before some students are completely comfortable. But before you know it, those hesitant students will begin enjoying the magic of creative movement and dance.

Keep reading... Show less
Just for fun
Photo via @igor.pastor on Instagram

Listen up, dance teachers! October 7 is National Frappe Day (the drink), but as dance enthusiasts, we obviously like to celebrate a little differently. We've compiled four fun frappé combinations on Instagram for your perusal!

You're welcome! Now, you can thank us by sharing some of your own frappé favs on social media with the hashtag #nationalfrappeday.

We can't wait to see what you come up with!

Keep reading... Show less
Site Network
Original photos: Getty Images

We've been dying to hear more about "On Pointe," a docuseries following students at the School of American Ballet, since we first got wind of the project this spring. Now—finally!—we know where this can't-miss show is going to live: It was just announced that Disney+, the new streaming service set to launch November 12, has ordered the series.

Keep reading... Show less
Dance Teacher Tips
Photo by Tony Nguyen, courtesy of Jill Randall

Recently I got to reflect on my 22-year-old self and the first modern technique classes I subbed for at Shawl-Anderson Dance Center in Berkeley, California. (Thank you to Dana Lawton for giving me the chance and opportunity to dive in.)

Today I wanted to share 10 ideas to consider as you embark upon subbing and teaching modern technique classes for the first time. These ideas can be helpful with adult classes and youth classes alike.

As I like to say, "Teaching takes teaching." I mean, teaching takes practice, trial and error and more practice. I myself am in my 23rd year of teaching now and am still learning and growing each and every class.

Keep reading... Show less
Dance Teacher Tips
Misti Ridge teaches class at Center Stage Performing Arts Studio. Photo by Arlyn Lawrence , courtesy of Ridge

The dance teachers who work with kids ages 5–7 have earned themselves a special place in dance heaven. They give artists the foundation for their future with impossibly high energy and even higher voices. Enthusiasm is their game, and talent is their aim! Well, that, self-esteem, a love for dance, discipline and so much more!

These days, teachers often go a step beyond giving tiny dancers technical and performative bases and make them strong enough to actually compete at a national level—we're talking double-pirouettes-by-the-time-they're-5-years-old type of competitive.

We caught up with one such teacher, Misti Ridge from Center Stage Performing Arts Studio, The Dance Awards 2019 and 2012 Studio of The Year, to get the inside scoop on how she does it. The main takeaway? Don't underestimate your baby competition dancers—those 5- to 7-year-olds can work magic.

Keep reading... Show less
Site Network
Patrick Randak, Courtesy In The Lights PR

The ability to communicate clearly is something I've been consumed with for as long as I can remember. I was born in the Bronx and always loved city living. But when I was 9, a family crisis forced my mom to send me to Puerto Rico to live with my grandparents. I only knew one Spanish word: "hola." I remember the frustration and loneliness of having so many thoughts and feelings and not being able to express them.

Keep reading... Show less
Studio Success with Just for Kix
Courtesy Just for Kix

As a teacher or studio owner, customer service is a major part of the job. It's easy to dread the difficult sides of it, like being questioned or criticized by an unhappy parent. "In the early years, parent issues could have been the one thing that got me to give up teaching," says Cindy Clough, executive director of Just For Kix and a teacher and studio owner with over 43 years of experience. "Hang in there—it does get easier."

We asked Clough her top tips for dealing with difficult parents:

Keep reading... Show less
Site Network
Derek Hough (Andrew Eccles/NBC) and Julianne Hough (Trae Patton/NBC)

Dancing super-siblings Derek and Julianne Hough have added yet another major project to their crazy schedules: Later this year, they'll host their very own holiday special on NBC. Naturally, it'll include tons of excellent dancing. Delightfully, it'll be called "Holidays with the Houghs."

Keep reading... Show less


Get DanceTeacher in your inbox