Jill Johnson joins the Harvard faculty.

Jill Johnson and dancer Sokvannara (Sy) Sar at Manhattan Movement & Arts Center studio.

For Jill Johnson dance is an unfinished project. “It’s not defined by the dances that already exist,” explains the newly installed director of dance at Harvard University. “We don’t know all there is to know about it.” Johnson’s belief in the open-ended nature of dance is what fires her hunger for inquiry and innovation. Her journey is a lifelong quest for knowledge, one she is eager to share with Harvard students and colleagues.

Canadian-born Johnson, who spent 10 years as a principal dancer with celebrated dance visionary William Forsythe’s former Frankfurt Ballet, has pursued a wide-ranging career as a dancer, choreographer, producer and educator. Now 41, Johnson sees her new role as a natural progression. She says, “It’s an incredible opportunity to lead a vision for dance education that I’ve been thinking about for quite some time.”

Johnson emphasizes that, in her view, performance is only one aspect of dance. She approaches her role at Harvard as a way to apply dance principles to other disciplines both in the arts and beyond. “The inquiry and the kinds of research we can do around dance can be such fascinating and valuable learning tools,” she says.

This vision seems particularly relevant in that the Harvard dance program is not a degree-granting university department, nor is its primary aim to train students for a dance profession. It’s the eager participation of a large number of students from other disciplines that excites Johnson. She wants to activate a broader curiosity in dance, forge new alignments and collaborative approaches among different disciplines and highlight dance’s relevance to other fields, from architecture to cognitive neuroscience to mathematics.

Dance at Harvard falls under the bailiwick of the Office for the Arts (OFA), whose mandate is to support student engagement in the arts and integrate the arts into campus life. As such, it offers co-curricular, noncredit professional instruction in a range of dance styles to undergraduate and graduate students, staff, faculty and alumni, either at the Harvard Dance Center near Radcliffe Quadrangle, or at the Director’s Studio a mile away. In the course of a year as many as 800 students participate. Artist residencies, master classes and intensives have historically aimed to connect students with the work of such dance pioneers as Martha Graham, José Limón and George Balanchine. Johnson plans to introduce students to the practice of such contemporary choreographers as Forsythe (her own mentor), Ohad Naharin, Crystal Pite and others.

The program also functions as a resource for Harvard’s 25 student-run dance groups—from ballroom and ballet to capoeira and Irish step dance—and itself stages two concerts annually in which students perform in the Dance Center’s large studio theater and the New College Theater.

Former Harvard dance director Elizabeth Bergmann retired in February, after 11 years of leading an evolution of dance that included the 2005 opening of the Dance Center. Under Bergmann, the program became fully part of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences, and she helped design nine secondary-field credit courses. Bergmann says the structure of Harvard’s dance program may seem complicated but has the advantage of being flexible enough to cater to the cross-disciplinary interests of exceptionally gifted, adventurous students—a major reason Johnson was attracted to the job.

Mary Cochran, the former Paul Taylor soloist who has headed Columbia University’s Barnard College dance department since 2003, describes Harvard as a “unique” situation in the way it contrasts to more regimented, conservatory-style dance programs. She’s taught at Harvard and was on the dance-director-selection search committee.

“The level of training and inquiry is high,” says Cochran, “but it’s more varied and allows students to pursue their own path, which, ironically, is the artist’s life.” Cochran commissioned Johnson to choreograph a work at Barnard earlier this year and praises the way she pushes students aesthetically and intellectually. “Yet Jill is completely grounded in a deep physicality,” she adds. Cochran believes Johnson’s approach is a perfect fit for the unusually adaptable structure of a research-oriented institution such as Harvard.

Johnson jokes that there’s a genetic source for her passion to teach. Her grandfather was a school principal. Her mother is a music therapist. Born in Hamilton, Ontario, an industrial city on Lake Ontario about 40 miles southwest of Toronto, Johnson began dance classes at age 4: “All kinds of dance,” she recalls. “I wanted to know about all of it.”

Five years later she was accepted into Canada’s National Ballet School, which provides an integrated dance and academic education under one roof. Johnson credits NBS with providing a rigorous training. Among her most-treasured memories is working with the inspirational Erik Bruhn when, shortly before his death, he rehearsed his version of Swan Lake for a 1986 school showcase.

In 1987 Johnson graduated from NBS with top honors, and after further studies in Monte Carlo with revered Russian-born teacher Marika Besobrasova, Johnson joined The National Ballet of Canada. Her career took an unexpected, transformational turn when William Forsythe arrived to choreograph a new work for NBC. She was cast in the 1991 premiere of Forsythe’s The Second Detail and was “over the moon” when he invited her to join his company.

She spent the next five years in Germany but returned to her homeland in 1996 to become an NBC soloist under then artistic director James Kudelka. “I wanted to reconnect with Canada,” explains Johnson. Although she enjoyed the varied roles that came her way in the large classical company (“The National Ballet has always had an incredibly diverse repertoire and always had a creator around,” says Johnson), she found that her true artistic home was Frankfurt, and she rejoined Forsythe’s troupe in 2000. She remained there for five years and then relocated to New York City, a suitable hub from which to continue her career, teaching or choreographing for several prestigious institutions and academies, including Princeton, NYU Tisch School of the Arts, Ohio State, the Joffrey and Ailey schools.

The Forsythe connection, however, remained. In 1999 he asked Johnson to stage his Duo for the Batsheva Dance Company in Tel Aviv. Since then Johnson has staged more than a dozen Forsythe ballets for almost 20 major companies, most recently The Second Detail for Boston Ballet. She’s also been working with Forsythe on the creation of a new solo for Mikhail Baryshnikov. “Imagine being in the same room with these two legends and visionaries of the dance world,” says Johnson. “The amount of information their bodies hold is incredible.”

She credits her long association with Forsythe with shaping her understanding of dance and teaching philosophy. “Bill fostered my development as an artist and teacher in profound ways. He is incredibly generous in trusting dancers and enabling their best selves in a cerebral/visceral equation that is so wonderfully balanced. It was such a rich artistic experience and I grew as a person as well,” she says.

From Forsythe she learned the inherent collaborative nature of dance and improvisational techniques that have become central to her teaching methods and choreographic process. During her first year at Harvard, Johnson will teach two courses that, in part, draw on this experience: “Fundaments of Improvisation and Composition—Dance” and “Master Work: The Choreographic Process of William Forsythe,” an in-depth study of one of the many works in which Johnson played an originating part, culminating in the creation of a new work for students to be performed next spring.

“Jill’s approach is a fascinating and rare fusion of intellect and physicality,” says David Norsworthy, a third-year Juilliard student who has studied with Johnson there and at the MOVEMENT INVENTION PROJECT, a summer program in New York City for college-age dancers focusing on improvisation and collaboration. “Jill is one of the most verbally and kinesthetically articulate people I know. She also has a really mature view of the dance world and talks a lot about removing ego from art and transitioning out of what she calls an ‘I-centric’ world.”

Johnson’s predecessor at Harvard feels confident her own achievements are passing into good hands and is encouraged that Johnson has been appointed to a full faculty position. “That’s a major move for Harvard,” says Bergmann, who despite a distinguished academic background remained an OFA staff member throughout her 11 years as dance director. “It’s one of the few jobs left that you can make of it more or less what you will. I think Jill is going to be very successful; but it’s a job with many hats to wear and a lot of different constituencies to serve.”

Johnson—co-appointed as senior lecturer in the Department of Music— will lead a team that includes three other full-time staff members and six part-time teachers. Apart from teaching an advanced ballet class and two credit courses, and sitting on OFA and Music Department committees, she’ll also be choreographing for Harvard’s 37th anniversary celebrations and plans a collaborative installation involving music and dance students “and many more collaborations we’ll do throughout the year,” she says.

Says Bergmann, with the wisdom of past experience: “Jill’s going to have to decide just how much she’s willing to take on; but the possibilities are endless.” DT

Click here for a video of rehearsal with Jill Johnson at Manhattan Movement & Arts Center in NYC.

Michael Crabb is dance critic of Canada’s The Toronto Star.

Photo by Rachel Papo

Waiting in the wings during a performance of Jewels

A framed photo hanging in a corridor outside her second-floor office shows former National Ballet of Canada star Chan Hon Goh captured in a moment of glory. There she is, surrounded by family, colleagues and a sea of red balloons, enjoying the tumultuous ovation of a sold-out audience following her May 2009 farewell performance in Giselle.

Inside the office there are more mementos of a celebrated 21-year dance career—posters, prize certificates and photos—but the always poised and elegant 41-year-old woman sitting behind the desk is looking to the future, not the past.


In the summer, Chan Hon Goh officially assumed a new role as director of the Goh Ballet Academy, a school launched in a Vancouver basement by her parents more than 30 years ago. Conspicuously located since 1985 in a converted bank building in the West Coast city’s Mount Pleasant neighborhood, the school is now recognized as one of Canada’s leading privately operated training institutions.


“I try to spend as little time in the office as I can,” says Chan. She’d rather be teaching and coaching the school’s professional program students. Luckily her preferred habitat is only steps away. The sound of piano accompaniment echoes down the hallway from two of the adjoining smaller studios. Downstairs there are two larger studios, one of which can be sectioned off to make a total of five class, coaching and rehearsal spaces. Yet Chan accepts the often burdensome administrative responsibilities with the same determined attitude that helped her through a long stage career. “We are woefully understaffed in the office,” she says. She has schooled herself in everything from labor laws and human resource practices to financial management and fundraising to support student scholarships.


Pacific Northwest Ballet Artistic Director Peter Boal says, “Chan had a very high goal of achieving the best she could possibly achieve onstage. She carries with her this quiet but quintessential work ethic, and she will lead by example.”

With Ryan Boorne in James Kudelka's Cruel World


Boal, who readily accepted an invitation to teach during the Goh Academy’s 2010 summer intensive, still cherishes the partnership he and Chan enjoyed in the later years of their performing careers as guests of Suzanne Farrell Ballet. “We kind of just clicked onstage,” he says.


PNB’s connection with the Goh Academy predates Boal’s 2005 move to Seattle. Former Goh graduate and PNB soloist Alexandra Dickson now teaches in the company’s school. More recently another Goh alumna, Nicole Ciappone, completed her training at the PNB school and this season entered the corps at San Francisco Ballet. “We’re always happy to see students from the Goh Academy,” says Boal.


For many years, students from the Vancouver school have been collecting trophies at international competitions and progressing to professional careers with ballet companies across North America and beyond. Among the more recent notables is Canadian Alex Wong, who quit his principal soloist position at Miami City Ballet this spring in order to compete for the second time on “So You Think You Can Dance.” Wong, now recovering from the serious injury that forced his withdrawal from the popular show, says, “The Goh Ballet Academy was an integral part of my training, growing up as a dancer. I would not be where I am today without the Goh Ballet.”


Headline-making alumni, as Chan Hon Goh appreciates, are good for publicity, but while Alex Wong may have drawn millions of television viewers, throughout the ballet world Chan herself remains the Academy’s most illustrious graduate. Ironically, it almost didn’t happen because her parents didn’t think their only child had the makings of a ballerina.


Chan’s Singapore-born father, Choo Chiat Goh, was one of 10 siblings, 4 of whom pursued successful dance careers. His late brother, Choo San Goh, became a noted choreographer in the United States. Two of his sisters founded companies and training academies in Singapore. As a young man, Choo Chiat decided he wanted to reconnect with his Chinese heritage and explore the Russian-influenced ballet culture of his ancestral homeland. To his family’s dismay, he moved to Beijing, where he met and married a young dancer, Lin Yee.


By the time Chan was born, her mother, plagued by rheumatoid arthritis, was making an early career transition into teaching. When Chan was 7, her family began considering leaving China to reunite with family in Canada and gain access to more opportunities available in the West.


Finally, in 1976, Choo Chiat Goh was allowed to leave for Vancouver on the pretext of caring for his ailing mother there. His wife and daughter waved good-bye with no assurance they’d see him again, an emotional trauma that, as she explained in her 2002 autobiography, Beyond the Dance: A Ballerina’s Life, was to haunt Chan for years to come.


Happily, the family was reunited in Canada the following year. But while the Gohs busied themselves establishing a ballet school, it was actually an aunt who gave Chan, previously tutored in piano and singing, her first ballet lessons. Even when they took over her instruction, Chan’s parents didn’t even consider her prospects. It took an eminent visitor to convince them. After watching Chan in a children’s class, the legendary former Diaghilev star Anton Dolin pronounced, “She is going to be a beautiful dancer.”


Looking back on the career that followed, Chan admits she was unsure about her future beyond the stage, even when a chronic whiplash-type injury, incurred in a 2006 automobile accident, compelled her to acknowledge that an end to her dancing days could not be far off.


Chan knew that her aging, wearied parents viewed her as their natural successor, but she explains that she “sat on the fence for a while.” She did, however, want to be close, so in the summer of 2009, Chan, her ballet teacher husband Chun Che and their then 3-and-a-half-year-old son left Toronto for Vancouver.


Chan’s first project was to produce an ambitious new production of The Nutcracker, staged by Canadian-born Anna-Marie Holmes and involving not only academy students and members of its Goh Ballet Youth Company but also recruits from a range of local studios, a true Vancouver community Nutcracker. Says Chan: “It was a huge undertaking; so much more than I expected and a real growing experience.” And it whetted her appetite for the hands-on role of teaching, shaping and coaching young dancers. As she puts it, after The Nutcracker Chan became a “fly on the wall,” learning about every facet of the school’s operations.


Coming directly from a performing career, Chan’s presence has had a revitalizing effect, something her parents recognized was needed if the Goh Ballet Academy is to grow and adapt to a changing ballet world. And Chan learned the truth of what her husband had told her years earlier: “It is much harder to be a teacher than a dancer.”


“As a dancer,” she says, “it was all me, me, me. As a teacher it is constantly giving, giving, giving.” And, according to 17-year-old student Danielle Gould, now in her third year in the Goh Academy’s Senior Professional School, Chan gives.


“She’s a wonderful person and a wonderful teacher. She brings this amazing energy. You feel she always wants you to do your best. Chan can definitely be tough and persistent, but in a good way.”


Although the Senior Professional School does not impose a rigid syllabus on its teachers, Chan describes the training as “basically a Vaganova approach,” with several months set aside for the Royal Academy of Dance syllabus. “It’s really a blend of all these different styles,” she says. This enables successful students like Gould to earn RAD exam certificates, all the way to the top Solo Seal. “Parents like to see something on paper,” Chan says.

Chan coaches Goh Ballet Academy students in a pas de deux rehearsal


The Goh Academy, with a staff of six full-time and seven part-time teachers, has always enriched the training with a range of visiting guest teachers, something Chan believes is crucial in order to provide students with a range of approaches. During the 2010 summer intensive, for example, Chan added a performance workshop with instruction in acting and musical theater. She also wants the Goh Academy, whose Junior School has more than 300 students from age 4 to mid-teens, to extend its community reach.


Expansion is also on her agenda, since the school is rapidly outgrowing its current facilities. Former office space has already been sacrificed to make way for an extra studio. Further physical growth will mean either adding another floor or relocating.


Altogether it’s been a steep learning curve for Chan Han Goh, yet nobody seems to doubt her capacity, least of all her parents. “Chan,” says Choo Chiat Goh, “has the vision and dedication to carry the Academy into a new era.” DT


Canadian arts journalist Michael Crabb is dance critic of The Toronto Star. His writing appears frequently in Dance Teacher’s sister publications, Dance Magazine and Pointe.

Photos from top: by Bruce Zinger, courtesy of The National Ballet of Canada; by Lydia Pawelak, courtesy of The National Ballet of Canada; courtesy of Goh Ballet Academy

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